brought bread and wine from Salem to supply the exhausted warrior.
For obtaining peace, freedom and prosperity for him Melchizedek
expressed his gratitude to Abraham. "Blessed be Abram of
the Most High God, the founder of heaven and earth: and blessed
be God, the Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your
this priestly blessing by giving to Melchizedek a tenth of all
of the booty taken from the enemies. By giving the tenth, Abraham
acknowledged the divine priesthood of Melchizedek whose God reaches
beyond a local deity; He is the "Most High God, founder of
heaven and earth," the God of "all the families of the
Keep in mind
Abraham would not keep the property belonging to the king of Sodom
because he would have nothing in common with him. However, he
accepted from the king of Salem not only bread and wine for the
invigoration of the exhausted warriors, but a priestly blessing
as well. In return, he gave a tenth of all his booty. This was
a definite sign that Abraham recognized his God and submitted
to the royal priesthood of Melchizedek.
this selfsubordination to Melchizedek was the practical
benediction of a royal priesthood that is higher than the priesthood
entrusted to Abraham's descendents.
name means, "king of righteousness." No doubt, he was
a king who ruled his people in righteousness. He was characterized
Our Lord Jesus
Christ "made peace through the blood of His cross" (Colossians
1:20). By faith in Him we are pronounced righteous. "Being
justified by faith we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus
Christ" (Romans 5:1; cf. 3:2126). Paul goes on to say,
"For the Kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness,
and peace, and joy, in the Holy Spirit" (Romans 14:17). The
Hebrew prophet Jeremiah said of Him, "He shall be called
THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS" (Jeremiah 23:56).
Melchizedek is also described in the Scriptures as having no known
genealogy. There is no account of his descent, or of the beginning
and end of his life. He is "without father, without mother,
without descent, having neither beginning of days nor end of life"
In noble form
this priestking was a type of the GodKing and eternal
high priest Jesus Christ. It was King David under the inspiration
of the Holy Spirit who said regarding the coming Messiah, "The
Lord has sworn and will not change His mind, 'You are a priest
forever according to the order of Melchizedek'" (Psalm 110:4).
David wrote these words a thousand years after Melchizedek lived
and served as priest of the Most High God. David declared that
the ultimate priest should be one like Melchizedek, without father,
without mother, without genealogy.
of Jesus Christ, our Great High Priest, was after the order of
Melchizedek (Hebrews 5:56, 10; 6:1920; 7:13,
17, 2028; 8:13, etc., etc). The Son of God entered
within the veil as a forerunner, and there abides, exercising
His priestly function. All of the mystical qualities revealed
in the historic account of this priestly king came to their ultimate
fulfillment in Christ.
that it is not the type that determines the antitype, but the
antitype determines the type. Jesus is not portrayed after the
pattern of Melchizedek, but Melchizedek is "made like unto
the Son of God" (Heb. 7:3). Indeed, many scholars see this
passage and others as a Christophany. This is the first mention
of the angel of the Lord in the Bible. He was probably the Second
Person of the God-head. Cf. Genesis 32:30; Exodus 3:2; 14:19;
23:20; Joshua 5:13-15; Judges 13:22; Isaiah 63:9.
record nothing of Melchizedek's ancestry, or progeny, nothing
is said of his birth or death. He appears as a living man, king
of Salem, and as such he disappears. The eternal being of the
Son of God is in view here. This is the eternal priestly side
of the Messiah. We are not looking at the human perspective of
Christ in this passage.
In His eternal
being the Son of God has reality, as Melchizedek has typically,
"neither beginning of days nor end of life." He is exalted
at the right hand of the Father in heaven. He "abides a priest
continually." Melchizedek remained a priest continually for
the duration of his appearance in the biblical narrative. However,
the antitype Jesus Christ remains a priest continually without
commentary on this great passage in Genesis makes it very clear
that Jesus Christ is the Great High Priest of whom Melchizedek
was a type. Hebrews chapters five through ten explains how the
priesthood of Jesus is superior to Aaron and the Levites. The
whole emphasis of Hebrews is on a better priest, a better covenant,
a better sanctuary, a better sacrifice and consequently better
promises. Jesus is acclaimed the perpetual High Priest "after
the order of Melchizedek."
Now, if Melchizedek
was greater than Abraham, his priesthood must be greater than
a priesthood, which traces its descent from Abraham. Abraham recognized
Melchizedek's superiority by giving Melchizedek tithes and receiving
his blessings. The priesthood of Melchizedek enjoys higher status
than the Levitical priesthood in Hebrews. Jesus was from the tribe
of Judah, not from Levi. He could never serve as a Levitical priest.
Moreover, no Levite could ever serve as the Messiah King.
priesthood of the Messiah was confirmed by a divine oath: "The
LORD has sworn, and will not change His mind: Thou art a priest
forever." The order of Levi had many priests in number, because
they continued to die off. "The former priests, on
the one hand, existed in greater numbers because they were prevented
by death from continuing, but Jesus, on the other hand, because
He continues forever, holds His priesthood permanently. Therefore
He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through
Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them"
(Hebrews 7:2325). Jesus' eternal priesthood is similar to
Melchizedek who had no descendents, and there were no priests
to follow him.
our Great High Priest "does not need daily, like those high
priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then
for the sins of the people, because this He did once for
all when He offered up Himself" (vv. 2728). He is the
Great High Priest who voluntarily offered up the perfect sinless
sacrifice of Himself as a substitute for sinful people.
after generation of High Priest's of Israel died and the office
passed to another until in all, Josephus reckons that 83 high
priests officiated from Aaron to the fall of the Second Temple
in A. D. 70. However, the priesthood that Jesus Christ holds is
perpetual, because "He remains forever." Our eternal
High Priest Jesus Christ sits at the right hand of the Father
ever ready to make intercession for us today. He will never have
to hand it over to someone else. Those who have Him as their high
priest and mediator with God have in Him a savior whose saving
power is available without end. He lives eternally always engaged
to bless and protect those who have put their eternal trust in
The way of
approach to God through Jesus Christ is always open, because He
is forever in the presence of God. He represents His people forever.
He is living to plead your case before the Father in heaven right
now. He is willing to be your merciful and faithful high priest.
Call upon His name and He will save you.
Jesus is not
only our Great High Priest, but He is also the Divine Melchizedek,
King of Righteousness and King of Peace. Oh come and worship Him
who is the sovereign king whose "name is above every name."
"For this reason also," writes the Apostle Paul, "God
highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above
every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow,
of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and
that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the
glory of God the Father" (Philippians 1:911).
In the person
of Jesus Christ, the Son God and our blessed Savior,
and truth have met together;
and peace have kissed each other (Psalm 85:10).